What Do You Take Away from FASH455?

I encourage everyone to watch the above two short videos, which provide a great wrap-up for FASH455 and remind us the meaning and significance of our course.

Indeed, I hope students can take away essential knowledge about textile and apparel (T&A) trade & sourcing from FASH455. So far in the course we’ve discussed various trade theories, evolution pattern of the global T&A industry, three major T&A supply chains in the world (namely the “Western-Hemisphere” supply chain, “Factory Asia” supply chain based on the flying geese model and the phenomenon of intra-region T&A trade in Europe) as well as T&A trade policy. Understanding how trade and sourcing work will be highly relevant and beneficial to your future career in the fashion industry no matter as a fashion designer, buyer, merchandiser, sourcing specialist or marketing analyst.

However, more importantly, I hope FASH helps students shape a big picture vision of the T&A industry in today’s global economy and provides students a fresh new way (perspective) of looking at the world. Throughout the semester, we’ve examined many critical, timely and pressing global agendas that are highly relevant to the T&A industry, from apparel companies’ social responsibility practices, the debate on the impact of free trade agreements (FTAs) to the controversy of Trumps’ trade policy agendas. It is important to keep in mind that we wear more than just clothes: We also wear the global economy, international business, public policy and trade politics that make affordable, fashionable, and safe clothes possible and available for hardworking families.

Likewise, I hope FASH455 puts students into thinking the meaning of being a FASH major (as well as a college graduate) and how to contribute to the world we are living today positively. A popular misconception is that T&A is just about “sewing,” “fashion magazine,” “shopping” and “Project Runway.” In fact, as one of the largest and most economically influential sectors in the world today, T&A industry plays a critical and unique role in creating jobs, promoting economic development, enhancing human development and reducing poverty. For example, globally over 120 million people remain directly employed in the T&A industry, a good proportion of whom are females living in poor rural areas. For most developing countries, T&A usually accounts for 70%–90% of their total merchandise exports and provide one of the very few opportunities for these countries to participate in globalization. We are as important as any other major on the campus!

Last but not last, I hope from taking FASH455, students can take away meaningful questions that can inspire their future study and even life’s pursuit. For example:

  • How to make the growth of global textile and apparel trade more inclusive?
  • How to distribute the benefits & cost of globalization among different countries and groups of people more equally?
  • How to make sure that tragedies like the Rana Plaza building collapse will never happen again?
  • How to make international trade work better and lead to economic growth and human development more effectively?
  • How to use trade policy as a tool to solve some tough global issues such as labor practices and environmental standard?

These questions have no real answer yet. But they are waiting for you, the young professional and the new generation of leaders, to write the history, based on your knowledge, wisdom, responsibility, courage and creativity!

So what do you take away from FASH455? Please feel free to share your thoughts and comments.

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Author: Sheng Lu

Professor @ University of Delaware

43 thoughts on “What Do You Take Away from FASH455?”

  1. If there is anything that I learned this semester in FASH455 it is how corrupt and difficult trade is amongst apparel and textiles. We have discussed this before but everyone knows about trade, social responsibilities, sustainability and policies but it is not until this course, is when you realize the different effects and outcomes there are because of the policies. A big issue that has been going on is equality among workers/laborers and then among the factory owners and the brands in the U.S. and UK that have ties with those factories. It is not easy to ensure that those workers are getting proper break times, payments and the environment that they work in is safe. Like the incident at Rana Plaza where there have been auditors and many people commented on the buildings structure, yet no one did anything until people died. It is hard to keep track of all of that and keep checking in on what is going on. The reason for this and I would say the number one cause is due to money.

    Consumers do not want to pay a lot for apparel anymore. With fast fashion as a trend it is easy for them to find similar products but for cheaper. Businesses need to keep up with that or else they will not make sales or profits. Now because of that they need the cheapest labor they can find so that the businesses still make profits elsewhere. This issue creates other issues for the laborers/workers in the country because they hardly get any profit for themselves.

    A lot of millennials are concerned about social and environmental responsibility. It is more apparent now than it has been over the years. What I think companies/brands should do is to have an event for their overseas contacts and have some type of benefit for them. I think making the public aware of the type of relationship a company/brand has with overseas businesses and showcasing the protocol they follow and safety regulations would benefit them. This could potentially be a good publicity event and this could reinforce why prices need to be raised etc.

    Until consumers are willing to pay more money for products this problem will be around for awhile. U.S. consumers specifically are not there yet but European consumers do not mind quality over the price. If U.S. consumers can get on board with higher prices and helping the greater good I think the T&A industry would look very different.

    1. Very well said! I totally agree! The course would have been much less meaningful if we only talked about how to fill in the customs forms associated with sourcing or where to find the cheapest products in the world. And I hope students can see that sourcing is far more than just about helping companies “saving cost” or “making profits”. The real impacts of sourcing and trade in the textile and apparel sector are much more profound.

  2. In my time here at Delaware the last three years, I have not taken a class that I have thought has more beneficial to my knowledge and more interesting than FASH455. No other class has talked about what is going on with the fashion industry in the real world. The fashion industry is much more than fashion trends and pretty dresses. There is a whole other part of it and I think this class has taught me so much about it. It frustrates me that this class is only one semester because there is so much more to learn about this subject , and so much more that could be taught to us. I know that when I graduate next May I will take away so much from this course and that I will know more about not only the fashion industry, but the world and how it operates.

  3. FASH455 has been a unique class that has taught me a great deal about trade and sourcing, which is especially important to understand after the recent presidential election and the decisions regarding these issues. This class directly relates to what is happening between the US and other countries, and the relationships we have with them. This course has combined the fashion industry and politics in a way that I did not understand before. One of the most important aspects I have learned is that it is mostly up to the consumers to steer businesses and policies because they are the ultimate decision makers in terms of products and prices.

    1. Thank you!! and your last point is very important. Consumers are critical stakeholders of trade policy, such as free trade agreements. However, not like manufacturers, importers and other group, there are few organizations advocating for the interests of consumers at the negotiating table!

    1. Thank you Chris! I enjoy reading and learning from your thoughtful comments too! And it is my great pleasure working with these talented and hard-working UD students!

  4. What I have taken away from Fash455 is more questions than answers. But this is something that I am glad about. This is the first class that I have taken, in reference to this major, that has expanded this industry into a global arena. This class has made me view this industry in a different light and understand its place in the global economy. There are many issues going on, especially right now in today’s political climate, which means that we as students and the next generation, need to be more involved than ever. Not just in fashion though, but also in global issues that this industry contributes too. To me, trade policy had always seemed like a far off distant topic in relation to fashion, but after this class I have really learned to see the importance of how industries overlap with politics. Being able to understand trade policy and todays current political standing can either aid or hurt a business and it is important for the people going into specific industries to understand this.
    After our many discussions and case studies I have been able to relate a multitude of issues to this industry, much more then I originally thought. But this has only propelled me to shift my focus on how I go about entering this industry and what my goals are. It is important to not be blind to these issues but rather to educate yourselves with them and figure out ways to improve conditions. Only by doing this can we move forward as a successful industry and combat the many problems that we have including but not limited too, child labor, sustainability, environmental problems, the safety and wages of workers in third world countries, the political problems in the United States, etc.
    In all I am very glad that we are required to take this course because I feel like it pulls students out of the fashion bubble (that is usually filled with haute couture) and brings them to the reality of this industry and our world. Only by learning what we have learned in this class can the students in this major become productive members of this industry.

  5. Of all of my fashion classes I would have to say that Fash455 was most interesting, beneficial, and relevant classes i’ve taken. I enjoy how our class was discussion based and the current trade agreements and the impact that it has on our economy as well as other countries economies. One of my favorite part of our class was the case studies because they were always relevant and something that is not always publicized, since we tend to glamorize our industry and hide the many truths from the public like the horrible working conditions that many have to endure.

  6. This has been one of a small handful of classes I’ve taken here that have left me with complicated feelings about the fashion industry. It is so difficult to solve problems because everyone needs something different for their corner of the industry to survive. Sometimes I feel it’s amazing that the industry can function at all. I think one of the biggest problems facing the industry is simply a lack of empathy – every problem we have addressed in the class seems like it could be made better if people were more willing to take care of each other and sacrifice a little for the good of others. Some of our discussions involved Nike representatives trying to determine whether or not they could afford to lose money in order to guarantee that they were working with safer factories. That shouldn’t even have to be a question, they should just make the ethically right choice.

    1. Excellent comment! I think this is exactly why college education matters! I hope classes like FASH455 can not only provide essential technical knowledge but also inspire students’ thinking about “what is good,” “what is bad” and “what kind of world do we need.” This is one of the core values of pursuing a liberal art college education.

  7. FASH455 has opened my eyes to other aspects of the fashion industry. I am thankful for this class because globalization is something we cannot escape and something we will have to adapt to. Globalization and trade directly affect our jobs and our future in the industry. In this class we have discussed things that I did not care about because I did not think they pertained to me. Little did I know topics like NAFTA, TPP, and the global economy are extremely important to the fashion industry. I believe this class helped me connect my major as Fashion Merchandising to real world issues. It gave me a deeper understanding of the industry and the different types of jobs available. Fashion is not just retail and luxury, fashion expands all the way into impacting lives like those working at Rana Plaza. I enjoyed having opinion based assignments since many issues we discussed in class are so controversial. My goal is to be a successful leader in the fashion industry and after taking this class I feel confident that the knowledge I have gathered will help me achieve my goal.

  8. Fash455 has been one the most interesting classes that I have taken as a Fashion Major at UD. I think that it is extremely important, especially with the political environment in the US today, for students to be educated on trade policies and how they effect different industries. This class has helped me to better engage in discussions about trade in the fashion industry and how various recent changes will affect it. One of the most interesting topics that we discussed was the TPP. Before this class I did not know a lot about the trade agreement, but after lectures and visitors from various people in the industry (i.e. Gail Strickler), I understand it better and how it would effect the US and trade in general in the future. This class has really helped me to think about aspects of the industry that I would not have otherwise thought about. I think after taking this class I can easier be an advocate for the textile and apparel industry and have meaningful conversations about trade polices in the future.

    1. Glad to learn! In my view, although the TPP is in the freezer, many discussions associated with the agreement are still highly relevant today, such as the competition between the western-hemisphere supply chain and the Asia-based textile and apparel supply chain and what kind of textile and apparel rules of origin do we need in the 21st century. Debates on these issues will continue in the years to come.

  9. FASH 455 has been a very interesting class. Not only did it open my mind to the complexities of the fashion industry, but also has allowed me to understand how globalization heavily effects the industry. The industry is more than what meets the eyes, and is interesting to see that the policies needed for a sector of the industry to stay viable, may hurt or damage other sectors (specifically TPP, yarn forward). It is my job and my classmates job to educate those on globalization (especially exposing the world to fast fashion, and the horrors that come with buying a shirt that costs 5.99), and tragedies like Rana Plaza. It is our job to make the change we want to see in the Fashion Industry.

  10. I think that classes like this are necessary for the fashion major to include; speaking about ethics and policy and so many other factors that go into international trade and sourcing are so vital to understanding the big picture of the fashion industry. To be a professional who is well informed, these are the kinds of things that we will need to know about beyond what in on trend and how garments are made. I believe that FASH455 teaches students about how the world operates around them and outside shiny New York City or even the United States; it taught us how difficult trade policy can be and how much complexity there is in trying to please so many people from around the world at once.

  11. Since I’ve started taking fashion classes at the University of Delaware, I have mostly focused on the sustainability aspect of the fashion industry. While that is a large factor we should be concerned about in the future, taking FASH455 has opened my eyes to important issues such as free trade agreements and the current politics surrounding them. One important discussion I took away from this class was when Gail Strickler came and spoke to us. While her discussion was memorable for many reasons, she elaborated on what were learning in class and how the new presidential administration in the U.S. is altering our trade policy with other countries so drastically.
    Although the goal for the new presidency is to “bring jobs back to America” I believe that with our current global dependency and economy, there is absolutely no way this is possible beyond a handful of companies in the near future. Because of this class, I will now continue to follow and be more aware of trade policies and how they affect the U.S., as well as our global economy. I feel overall I have taken away a variety things from this class. However, this topic specifically resonated with me.

  12. Prior to taking FASH455, I knew about sweatshops and poor working conditions of factories, however, I did not know the extent of either. All I really knew about factories, like the ones in the videos above, was what I learned in my history classes in grade school. I did not realize how many of them still exist all around the world today. The fashion world needs to start taking responsibility for the livelihood of these workers. All aspects of the fashion world eventually have to deal with outsourcing, and when companies do this, they should make sure that the factories have certain conditions for workers.

    If companies actually start focusing on establishing better working conditions for their employees, then it could really be a game changer for the fashion industry.

  13. FASH455 has really opened my eyes to how big the retail industry is not only within our country, but globally. It is a class that keeps up with what is going on in the real world. For example, how fast fashion has become such a huge part of the retail industry today. Not only do developed countries rely on these under developed countries for cheap labor costs, but they rely on us to help create their economy. Especially now with Trumps plan on ‘Buying American’ they cannot afford to lose our business.

  14. Through my time at Delaware, I have to say Fash455 is one of my favorite classes. Most of our fashion classes do not teach us what is going on overseas, or anything about globalization, unlike in this class. I did not know about the Bangladesh tragedy, and now I feel more informed. I learned that it is going to be hard to spread the word about the hardships and terrible conditions of the factories overseas, but it all starts with us as fash students.

  15. When I first started taking this course, I was unsure of what it was going to entail and how relevant it truly is to this industry and many others today. For one, I did not realize how many issues there currently are within the fashion industry. Many companies, like Nike, are still struggling to determine whether they feel that ethics are more important money. This debate is troubling to me, because at this point in the game, fashion companies should know a lot better. Before taking this class, I would have gotten offended when people would tell me that the fashion industry is very superficial, however, now I feel that many are right in some ways. Basically, many companies are willing to sacrifice others in order to make more money, and that is the issue right now. While, I understand that many things in this industry have difficult solutions, I have learned that we need to continue working together to create a more ethical and healthier industry for all.

  16. I have learned so much from Fash455! This is an essential course to the Fashion Merchandising Major, and really any business degree in my opinion. I had no idea just how complicated but necessary the trade and sourcing topics are to the textiles and apparel industry. Honestly, when I thought of fashion before this class, I never really associated it with global trade, trade agreements or social responsibility. But now, that’s exactly what I think of! This allows my knowledge on the industry to be more in-depth and broad in topics, which will help me be more versatile in my job prospects after graduation. You have been a great professor and have provided meaning behind the complicated topic of global trade and sourcing.

  17. I really enjoyed taking this class with you Professor! The fact that we have a professor who is so passionate about his course is amazing and makes the material easier to understand. After I graduate I will be working at a company who is heavily involved with sourcing. This class has given me a better understanding of how the global market operates as well as how dynamic it is. I especially enjoy those classes that open your eyes to a significant problem and then allows students to discuss and propose solutions. I feel more aware of the standing issues within our industry and I hope I can make a change. This class not only made me passionate about social responsibility but also the U.S.’s role in the global market. I am very grateful to have had you as a professor as you made difficult concepts into discussions and thus interesting to take part in as well as understand.

  18. I think FASH455 is a really useful and practical subject. Since it makes me realize that we are now living in a global society. All that matters that we have to focus on are just relevant to our own country but also other countries that we need to pay attention to. With all the cases that we have studied during the class, it makes me know more real-time information about the fashion industry. As I am not familiar with all those U.S. trade policies before I came here, it is very helpful for me to know more about American T&A industry as it is the leader within this area. Also, it is inspiring of all the comments that other classmates have made during the discussing. It is always good to know more ideas from others as they might think differently. Before this class, I still do have have a clue about what I am going to do after graduate. However, this class kind of make me want to work on some socially responsible fashion issue. Therefore, this class not only teach me the knowledge of global sourcing but also how to think from a different perspective and broaden my horizon.

  19. FASH455 gave me common knowledge about trade and sourcing not only within the fashion industry but with the political actions that are currently being taken. With the election of our new president there are many changes occurring and as a new voter, I didn’t necessarily understand most of them to begin with. This made it hard for me to make an informed decision and opinion. This class opened my eyes to the pros and cons of trading, work force, employment rates, and much more.

    Although it is not an excuse that consumers who do not work in the fashion industry to not know about where their garments are coming from or how they are being produced, now that I have a better understanding of it all I feel like it is my responsibility to help inform them. This class has made me a more aware, knowledgable, and wise consumer and I hope I can help others with that.

    Not only did the content of this class help me gain an understanding of the material but the teaching style is what really helped me. I have never been one to be a good test taker so having case studies and other assignments helped reinforce my understanding of the topics. I also loved coming to class and talking to my classmates about what we had read and hearing about their opinions also helped further my knowledge. I am happy to have taken such an engaging class that helped me apply my knowledge of fashion to current topics my last semester of college.

  20. FASH455 has been the most relevant course I have taken at the University of Delaware. I feel now that I can have an intelligent conversation about trade and not feel opinionless in the matter. I firmly believe that this class helped me become more engaged and knowledgeable about topics that I had no idea that I would be interested in. Now when I look at the news and see articles about trade negotiations, I am interested in what Washington is doing. I was unaware of how important and prevalent trade was in the textile and apparel industry until I took this class. One of my favorite moments during this semester was when we had to ask people what they knew about fashion majors and most of their responses consisted of thinking this major was vain and easy. I think this class made me confident enough to tell that they are wrong. FASH455 has opened my eyes to the complexity of trade and how difficult trade negotiations are. This has been my greatest academic learning experience in college because it helped me see past the marketing, branding, and merchandising side of fashion and see the real issues and problems that this industry faces.

  21. posted on behalf of jboorady

    FASH455 has been one of the most practical and relevant courses I have taken at UD. In light of the recent election, this class has mentioned a lot of different aspects such as the TPP, global sourcing/production issues, and trading agreements, all of which have allowed me to form my own opinions about any recent changes. I feel really lucky to have taken this class that has taught me a lot of new things such as the Rana Plaza incident or the video about the $2 t-shirts in Times Square and what it takes to keep up with our fast fashion demands. Not only have I shared my new found knowledge in interviews but I’ve also spread the word about these matters to my friends and family who are clueless to what goes on. Also, another aspect of the class that taught me a lot was when it came down to trade agreements in our case studies. I never knew just how many people could be stakeholders in a decision such as lowering a tariff. It is eye-opening to think that we all have a voice in decisions that could affect the future of the T&A industry. I have really enjoyed this class and has allowed me to feel like a well-rounded fashion student.

    1. FASH455 has been one of the most eye-opening and important classes I have taken as a fashion major. Oftentimes, fashion majors are looked down upon, as many people think we only take classes about sewing and learn about the latest fashion trends. What many people fail to realize is we get the opportunity to learn about globalization and the industry, and just how vital the textile and apparel industries are to the global economy. Globalization and trade affect every single part of the T&A supply chain just as they affect any other industry. I never expected to learn so much about our country’s trade deals and how complex of an issue it really is, but I’m glad I now have this knowledge at a time where it’s so relevant. I’ve also appreciated every guest speaker, especially Gail Strickler. Knowing that there are people like her who are already aiming to make the industry more sustainable is inspiring to me, and I hope others continue along this path. Politics and trade have never really sparked my interest, but this class has changed that for me. I’m sure I will be keeping up with the news in terms of trade deals and globalization from here on out.

  22. Of all my years here in the fashion department, I have never taken a more eye opening course than FASH455. Consumers honestly do not know what goes into the clothing they wear and what some companies do in order to get the cheapest price. I feel as though I learned so much about the outsourcing issues and trade policies that I truly didn’t know before. I know the sustainability and ethical issues revolving around outsourcing, but there is so much more to it. There are many advantages that people seem to leave out. I also learned so much regarding free trade agreements. I thought they were relatively good things. I had no idea the opposition some people and companies had against them. I also found it interesting when we had the discussion on how people view fashion majors. More often than not, we are looked down upon and it’s so refreshing to see that other people feel just as angered as me about that. Fashion is important and I love seeing how much hard work goes into fashion, whether or not others see it. I feel like I have an exponentially better grasp on the Textile and Apparel Industry as a whole after this class.

  23. Fash 455 was truly an enriching class and learning experience! I was very unaware of the trade agreements we have with so many different countries and was excited and interested to learn about them. I also found it interesting how so many companies are so invested in their business and where they source their products. It was eye opening that some companies will really do ANYTHING to get the lowest price – including source products from countries and factories that are not cleared as safe to work in. I am definitely going to do more research regarding which companies I buy my apparel from in order to steer away from companies that do not care about safety or regulations. In addition, I agree with what Lauren Epstein wrote above; it is so true that many people disregard our major and claim it is “easy” when in reality we learn about very complex topics that everyday people are not educated on, including globalization, trade agreements, and the apparel supply chain. I am truly excited to share my knowledge with my peers and future employers!

  24. Fash455 is a crucial course in the Fashion Major. The class goes in depth about the industry and the assignments given allow students to analyze and decide their own opinions about the issues. The class is truly about the real world fashion industry and has no problem getting into the harsh yet crucial points of it all. Fash455 opened my mind and exposed me to the importance the Fashion Industry plays in our economy, and overall world. It helped me understand the struggles and inspired me to brainstorm ways I could positively help change the industry in the future.

  25. What I take away from FASH 455 has been all of the different trade policies that America is involved in, and how there are separate trade agreements within different regions throughout the world. I have also learned about how trade affects businesses both domestic and abroad. Many factors of trade affect price, production and the brands that we all know in love in America. Asia plays such a huge role in apparel manufacturing, and it is important to keep up with the economic state, social responsibility, and legislation surrounding these countries. Globalization has been made possible through trade, and we are all anxious to see how Donald Trump’s new legislation regarding trade, and leaving the TPP will affect the fashion industry as we know it today.

  26. I found this class to be extremely relevant considering the past presidential election. Along with trade and global sourcing being an interesting and important topic in the fashion industry. While trying to keep up with new government changes and regulations, I found it this class as a great way to stay up to date with the trade agreements being discussed. It gave me a new perspective as a future fashion merchandiser and someone who will start working in the industry soon. I have gained a greater knowledge and have become more well verse in trade policies.

  27. Before I took Fash 455, I didn’t know how much outsourcing, trade policies, and other countries were going to be involved in my career path. Being a senior and applying for jobs, things that have never stood out to me before (such as having domestic factories) are really impressive and actually mean something to me. Before, when I heard that the TPP was being canceled I had no idea how to apply that knowledge. After 455, this all has meaning to me and I see the many ways it effects the entire world as well as myself.

  28. I believe FASH455 is one of the most useful and relevant courses in UD. Sheng Lu is an excellent professor and uses unique way to helps us have a deep understanding and crucial thinking about what the real fashion world is, it not just luxury brands, fast fashion, runway, fashion week, buyers. The most important thing is the trade policy in T&A industry and how the T&A industry work globally. This course let me have an academic and official perspective to think different trade policy, including TPP, NAFTA, TPL, and CAFTA. Although this course has too much writing and reading homework, I still benefit a lot from complete them. It is a good way for me studying the real politics information.

  29. Fash 455 has taught me so much! A day where I really learned how important the T&A industry was, was when a guest speaker came in. He made a point saying people will never not have clothes. It is always going to be a business because it is something that will always have a demand. This class has made me extremely interested in globalization because I have never understood how much goes on behind the scenes. When purchasing clothing I have never thought of who made it and under what conditions they worked in or how many stages it went through to be made. This class has actually opened my eyes up to one day possibly having a career dealing with sourcing.

  30. FASH455 is key class in any fashion major. It has information that isn’t repeated in others, unlike a few a classes. The course was tailored to what is currently going on in the world politically for the T&A sector. We do not usually watch or know what are good fact references with today’s internet and credibility. We have gotten the best resources delivered to us in class and through the readings. This class brings attention to the harsh reality of the T&A supply chain- from the trade agreements, the developments, the leaders, the social responsibilities, the costs, and the unfortunate events. It has shown us an entire new field where our career can take us from humanities, law, trade, international affairs, and politics.

  31. Before entering FASH 455, I have to be honest and say that i never really understood the meaning of Global trade the way that i should. As a fashion student, it is highly imperative that we understand why global trade is important. Thinking back on everything we talked about this semester, watching the wrap up videos and also reading the article, I can definitely say that i have a clear understanding of the class. International trade and sourcing is essentially the basis of all important things in the world in relation to textiles and clothing. Since this is an industry that will always be around. Global trade and sourcing will always be relevant.

  32. I had never realized how important every aspect of the textile and apparel industry really is. Even one little change to something can set off a domino effect of positive and negative outcomes, effecting everyone on this planet. From tariffs to trade agreements, everyone has a different opinion and there will always be a winner and a loser. I also never realized just how much the President effects the textile and apparel industry with different taxes and laws put in place. I feel as though this class has been extremely informative and will lead me to be more successful and knowledgeable in my field.

  33. FASH455 has taught me a lot about how policies affect the fashion industry. A lot of people don’t know the importance of the apparel industry in our economy and this class really proves how influential this industry is. It also helped explain trade policies and their affect on specific industries, and most economics classes that I’ve taken don’t look that deeply into the effects of trade policy in a single industry.

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